The Kimberly Process was a multinational trade agreement formed by the UN to help stop blood Diamonds from entering the market. Yet, no matter how the Diamond is extracted, it requires extensive man and machine power. Informal alluvial mining, also known as artisanal mining, is the most dangerous and unethical of Diamond mines, and it is still believed that this occurs today. It is believed that 1 million African alluvial Diamond miners earn less than 1 dollar a day, and are forced to work in unregulated, often dire conditions, perpetuating the cycle of poverty that was enforced by the Global North 300 years ago.
According to Stanford University, Sierra Leone, one of the African countries ravaged by the mined Diamond industry, has suffered severe social and economical issues as a result. The war between 1991 and 1999 claimed over 75,000 lives, caused 500,000 refugees and displaced 4.5 million people. The Kimberly Process sought to resolve this, but it’s narrow terms of certification for a Diamond to be an “ethical Kimberly Process Diamond” has ignored the health and safety of working conditions, use of child labour and pay. What’s more, the Kimberly Process certificate only applies to a batch of rough cut Diamonds, so it only takes one bribe for a blood Diamond to slip through the cracks.